Asia Mathematika

An International Journal. ISSN: 2457-0834 (online)

Volume 3, Issue 1, April 2019, Pages: 10-20

Remark on vacuum fluctuation as the cause of Universe creation: Or How Neutrosophic Logic and Material Point Method may Resolve Dispute on the Origin of the Universe through re-reading Gen. 1:1-2

Victor Christianto1* and Florentin Smarandache2

1Malang Institute of Agriculture, IPM, Malang, INDONESIA
2Dept. Math. & Science, University of New Mexico, Gallup, NM, USA


Questions regarding the formation of the Universe and what was there before the existence of Early Universe have been great interest to mankind of all times. In recent decades, the Big Bang as described by the Lambda CDMStandard Model Cosmology has become widely accepted by majority of physics and cosmology communities. Among other things, we can cite A.A. Grib & Pavlov who pointed out some problems of heavy particles creation out of vacuum and also other proposal of Creatio ex nihilo theory (CET). But the philosophical problems remain, as Vaas pointed out: Did the universe have a beginning or does it exist forever, i.e. is it eternal at least in relation to the past? This fundamental question was a main topic in ancient philosophy of nature and the Middle Ages, and still has its revival in modern physical cosmology both in the controversy between the big bang and steady state models some decades ago and in the contemporary attempts to explain the big bang within a quantum cosmological (vacuum fluctuation) framework. In this paper we argue that Neutrosophic Logic offers a resolution to the long standing disputes between beginning and eternity of the Universe. In other words, in this respect we agree with Vaas, i.e. it can be shown: \how a conceptual and perhaps physical solution of the temporal aspect of Immanuel Kant’s "first antinomy of pure reason\ is possible, i.e. how our universe in some respect could have both a beginning and an eternal existence. Therefore, paradoxically, there might have been a time before time or a beginning of time in time." By the help of computational simulation, we also show how a model of early Universe with rotation can fit this new picture. Further observations are recommended.


Big Bang, Steady state, rotating universe, fluid, singularity-free, cosmology model, early Universe, the book of Genesis, Spirit, Creation.


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